Florida Grass Types

Looking for the optimal grass varieties for lawns in Florida? Below is a comparison table and accompanying data that will give you information about what grasses are best suited for Florida and its inner counties.

Note: Cold, heat, drought, and saturation tolerance are measured on a score of 0-5 with 0 being the least tolerant and 5 being the most.

Bermuda Grass

Most suitable grass (on average)

Zoysia Grass

2nd most suitable (on average)

Kikuyu Grass

3rd most suitable (on average)

Bahia Grass

Optimal for colder areas

Centipede Grass

5th most suitable (on average)

Carpet Grass

Best suited for shaded areas

Lawn Visual
Seasonal Type Warm Warm Warm Warm Warm Warm
Cold Tolerance 1.0 2.5 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.0
Heat Tolerance 5.0 4.0 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Drought Tolerance 4.5 3.5 4.5 5.0 4.0 3.5
Saturation Tolerance 1.0 2.0 2.5 3.5 4.0 5.0
USDA Zone(s) 8-13 6-13 6-13 4-13 7-13 5-9
Sun Exposure Full Sun, Light Shade Full Sun, Partial Shade Full Sun, Light Shade Full Sun, Light Shade Full Sun, Light Shade Full Sun, Partial Shade
Traffic
Resistance/Recovery
High, Rapid Moderate, Moderate High, Moderate Moderate, Moderate Low, Slow Low, Slow
Watering
Duration/Amount
Weekly, 1-1.25 inches Weekly, 1 inch Weekly, 1-1.25 inches Bi-weekly, 0.5-0.75 inches Weekly, 1 inch Weekly, 1 inch
Mowing
Duration/Height
Every 5-7 days, 0.5-1.5 inches Every 7-10 days, 0.5-1.5 inches Every 7 days, 1-1.5 inches Every 7-14 days, 2.5-4 inches Every 10-14 days, 1-2 inches Every 7-14 days, 1-2 inches
Soil Sandy, Well-drained
pH: 5.8-7.0
Well-drained, Loamy
pH: 6.0-7.0
Well-drained
pH: 5.5-7.0
Acidic, Sandy
pH: 5.5-6.5
Sandy, Acidic
pH: 4.5-6.0
Wet, Acidic
pH: 5.0-6.5
Texture Fine to Medium Fine to Medium Medium to Coarse Coarse Medium Coarse
Color Dark Green Light Green Dark Green Light Green Light Green Light Green

Florida Zones

The interactive map below shows the USDA plant hardiness zones specific to Florida. Each zone in the map represents a certain temperature range that is critical for plant survival and growth, divided based on the average annual minimum winter temperature. Click on the map to see the optimial grass types for each county.

Zone No. 8 9 10 11
Map Color
Lowest Avg. Winter Temperature 10° to 20°F 20° to 30°F 30° to 40°F 40° to 50°F

The chart and table below shows the average monthly precipitation and minimum/maximum temperatures in Florida over the last 5 years.

Month Min Temp (°F) Max Temp (°F) Prep (in)
Jan47.3 °F69.24 °F2.51"
Feb54.74 °F76.16 °F2.63"
Mar55.62 °F78.8 °F2.35"
Apr59.78 °F82.7 °F3.8"
May66.28 °F87.66 °F4.82"
Jun72.16 °F90.88 °F7.41"
Jul73.72 °F91.52 °F8.05"
Aug74.06 °F91.42 °F8.02"
Sep72.12 °F89.72 °F6.54"
Oct66.14 °F85.32 °F3.36"
Nov57.16 °F77.08 °F3.09"
Dec51.78 °F72.72 °F3.56"

The chart below shows the optimal months for seeding or sodding new grass in Florida. Suitability for each month is based on the average monthly temperature in Florida.

February, March, April, November and December are the most optimal months for planting cool-season grasses in Florida.

June, July, August and September are the most optimal months for planting warm-season grasses in Florida.

Grass Types by County in Florida

Below is a list of counties in Florida. Click on any county to get a more detailed analysis.

Data source and citation

Raw data for the grass characteristics was sourced from the USDA's PLANTS Database.

Data for climate zones in Florida was gathered from the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map as well as GIS datasets from the Oregon State University PRISM Climate Group.

Average monthly temperatures and precipitation data for Florida was sourced from the NOAA National Centers for Environmental information.

Please use the citation tool below to reference any information found on this page.

  • "Florida Grass Types". LawnVariety.com. Accessed on July 20, 2024. https://lawnvariety.com/florida.

  • "Florida Grass Types". LawnVariety.com, https://lawnvariety.com/florida. Accessed July 20, 2024

  • Florida Grass Types. LawnVariety.com. Retrieved from https://lawnvariety.com/florida.