West Virginia Grass Types

Looking for the optimal grass varieties for lawns in West Virginia? Below is a comparison table and accompanying data that will give you information about what grasses are best suited for West Virginia and its inner counties.

Note: Cold, heat, drought, and saturation tolerance are measured on a score of 0-5 with 0 being the least tolerant and 5 being the most.

Kentucky Bluegrass

Most suitable grass (on average)

Tall Fescue

2nd most suitable (on average)

Annual Ryegrass

3rd most suitable (on average)

Perennial Ryegrass

4th most suitable (on average)


Perfect for sunny areas

Buffalo Grass

Optimal for colder areas

Carpet Grass

Ideal for drought-prone areas

Lawn Visual
Seasonal Type Cool Cool Cool Cool Cool Warm Warm
Cold Tolerance 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.5 4.5 3.5 1.0
Heat Tolerance 2.5 3.5 2.0 2.0 1.5 4.0 4.5
Drought Tolerance 3.0 3.5 2.5 2.0 1.5 5.0 3.5
Saturation Tolerance 3.0 3.0 4.0 3.5 4.0 2.0 5.0
USDA Zone(s) 1-7 5-8 1-7 1-5 1-5 5-9 5-9
Sun Exposure Mostly Sun, Partial Shade Mostly Sun, Deep Shade Mostly Sun, Deep Shade Mostly Sun, Partial Shade Mostly Sun, Deep Shade Full Sun, Deep Shade Full Sun, Partial Shade
Moderate, Moderate Moderate, Moderate Moderate, Rapid Moderate, Rapid Low, Moderate Low, Slow Low, Slow
Weekly, 1-1.5 inches Weekly, 1-1.5 inches Weekly, 1-1.5 inches Weekly, 1-1.5 inches 2-3 times weekly, 0.25 inches per watering Bi-weekly, 0.5 inches Weekly, 1 inch
Every 5-7 days, 2.5-3.5 inches Every 5-7 days, 2-3.5 inches Every 5-7 days, 1.5-2.5 inches Every 5-7 days, 1.5-2.5 inches Every 3-5 days (or less), 0.25-1 inches Every 10-14 days, 2-3 inches Every 7-14 days, 1-2 inches
Soil Well-drained, Loamy
pH: 6.0-7.0
pH: 5.5-7.5
pH: 5.5-7.5
pH: 5.5-7.5
Well-drained, Loamy
pH: 5.5-6.5
Well-drained, Loamy to Sandy
pH: 6.0-7.5
Wet, Acidic
pH: 5.0-6.5
Texture Fine to Medium Coarse Fine Fine Fine Fine Coarse
Color Rich Green Dark Green Bright Green Bright Green Light Green Blue-Green Light Green

West Virginia Zones

The interactive map below shows the USDA plant hardiness zones specific to West Virginia. Each zone in the map represents a certain temperature range that is critical for plant survival and growth, divided based on the average annual minimum winter temperature. Click on the map to see the optimial grass types for each county.

Zone No. 5 6
Map Color
Lowest Avg. Winter Temperature -20° to -10°F -10° to 0°F

The chart and table below shows the average monthly precipitation and minimum/maximum temperatures in West Virginia over the last 5 years.

Month Min Temp (°F) Max Temp (°F) Prep (in)
Jan22.7 °F39.8 °F3.65"
Feb27.16 °F46.86 °F5.14"
Mar31.68 °F54.84 °F3.45"
Apr38.44 °F62.96 °F4.36"
May50.6 °F74.52 °F5.26"
Jun57.4 °F80.06 °F5.22"
Jul62.42 °F84.6 °F4.67"
Aug62.04 °F82.84 °F5.41"
Sep55.98 °F77.76 °F4.08"
Oct44.4 °F66.82 °F3.78"
Nov31.64 °F53.36 °F3.01"
Dec27.88 °F46.68 °F3.78"

The chart below shows the optimal months for seeding or sodding new grass in West Virginia. Suitability for each month is based on the average monthly temperature in West Virginia.

May, June, July, August and September are the most optimal months for planting cool-season grasses in West Virginia.

July and August are the most optimal months for planting warm-season grasses in West Virginia.

Grass Types by County in West Virginia

Below is a list of counties in West Virginia. Click on any county to get a more detailed analysis.

Data source and citation

Raw data for the grass characteristics was sourced from the USDA's PLANTS Database.

Data for climate zones in West Virginia was gathered from the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map as well as GIS datasets from the Oregon State University PRISM Climate Group.

Average monthly temperatures and precipitation data for West Virginia was sourced from the NOAA National Centers for Environmental information.

Please use the citation tool below to reference any information found on this page.

  • "West Virginia Grass Types". LawnVariety.com. Accessed on July 20, 2024. https://lawnvariety.com/west-virginia.

  • "West Virginia Grass Types". LawnVariety.com, https://lawnvariety.com/west-virginia. Accessed July 20, 2024

  • West Virginia Grass Types. LawnVariety.com. Retrieved from https://lawnvariety.com/west-virginia.